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  • Welcome to the new site. Here's a thread about the update where you can post your feedback, ask questions or spot those nasty bugs!

An Introduction to vaccines!

James Lemon

Well-known member
Global efforts to reduce the impacts of emerging diseases are largely focused on post-emergence outbreak control, quarantine, drug, and vaccine development3. However, delays in detection of or response to newly emerged pathogens, combined with increased global urbanization and connectivity, have resulted in recent EIDs causing extensive mortality across cultural, political, and national boundaries (e.g., HIV), and disproportionately high economic damages (e.g., SARS, H1N1). Efforts to identify the origins and causes of disease emergence at local scales, and regions from which novel diseases may be more likely to emerge, are valuable for focusing surveillance, prevention, and control programs earlier in the chain of emergence, containing EIDs closer to their source, and more effectively limiting their subsequent spread and socioeconomic impacts.


James Lemon

Well-known member
We knew that already, James!

Dont worry!

We will be over this current bout in lest than 5 years!

Obviously we keep making the same mistakes; are we stupid ? People really need to wake up and ask why we are in this mess?

The disease COVID-19 is caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2, which is a zoonosis that is likely acquired by the consumption of wild animals for food (Malik et al. 2020) and/or the interaction between residents of rural areas and the wild animals in those areas (e.g. Li et al. 2020a). Markets that sell wildlife illegally and without food handling biosafety measures, are considered high-risk sites for the emergence of zoonotic diseases, since they increase the likelihood that pathogens will jump hosts and infect humans (Bonilla-Aldana et al. 2020; Hui et al. 2020). The Chinese government has indicated some restrictive measures on the use of wildlife as a food source in response to the COVID-19 outbreak, but these measures may only be temporary (Li et al. 2020a). While the main interest of this policy must be the avoidance of risk of this and other epidemic outbreaks of zoonotic origin, it inherently involves a rethinking of our relationship with nature, its administration, and its use.

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James Lemon

Well-known member
Again, we know that!

.....we knew that a year ago!
We knew this almost 20 years ago Asher and nothing was done and yet the world is focused on Vaccines to solve these types of crisis. This has happened 3 times now in the last 19 years. Do you see the problem here? Ignoring it and relying on miracle cures is not just dumb but insanity. Vaccines, masks, and basic personal hygiene are mere Band-Aid remedies.

On 16 November 2002, an outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) began in China's Guangdong province, bordering Hong Kong. The first case of infection was traced to Foshan. This first outbreak affected people in the food industry, such as farmers, market vendors, and chefs. The outbreak spread to healthcare workers after people sought medical treatment for the disease. The People's Republic of China notified the World Health Organization (WHO) about this outbreak on 10 February 2003, reporting 305 cases including 105 health-care workers and five deaths. Later it reported that the outbreak in Guangdong had peaked in mid-February 2003. However, this appears to have been false because subsequently 806 cases of infection and 34 deaths were reported. Italian physician Carlo Urbani was the first to identify SARS as probably a new and dangerously contagious viral disease.


The new coronavirus isn't just attacking the lungs: New research shows it's causing harm to the gastrointestinal tract, especially in more advanced cases of COVID-19.

A variety of imaging scans performed on hospitalized COVID-19 patients showed bowel abnormalities, according to a study published online May 11 in Radiology. Many of the effects were severe and linked with clots and impairment of blood flow.

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